Under the leadership of Scotland and the city networks, especially the Bonn-based global network ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, international cities and regions have developed positions in an online consultation process lasting several months, which are to be included in the negotiations for the new United Nations Framework Convention on Biodiversity. The City of Bonn has accompanied this consultation process. Its results are set out in the so-called Edinburgh Declaration, which is a positioning, a commitment and a call for rapid action for the protection of species and habitats.
It also calls for the political inclusion of cities and regions in global strategies. Just as the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015 explicitly includes the participation and contributions of all levels and sectors, this should also be made visible and translated into concrete action in the next biodiversity framework. In order to provide the local and regional level worldwide with a "mandate", a political decision of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity CBD is sought. Cities and regions around the world are called upon to support these positions and to sign the Edinburgh Declaration by the Conference of the Parties, which has been postponed to fall 2021 and spring 2022 due to the Corona pandemic.
Mayor Katja Dörner pointed out: "Biodiversity, the variety of species and habitats, is the basis of human life. Here in Bonn, we protect our nature and our local biodiversity - and we are also in the process of setting ourselves up for the next decade with a new biodiversity strategy. I am very pleased that the Bonn City Council has agreed to sign the Edinburgh Declaration, because cities are much more than implementers - they are partners in national and global biodiversity strategies. This is also reflected in the fact that the Biodiversity Convention maintains an advisory council of cities and regions, of which I am a member together with my counterparts from five continents."
Bonn is committed to biodiversity worldwide
Since 2006, the German city has been part of the core group of cities that are committed to the conservation and promotion of biodiversity worldwide and are involved in global debates. Bonn is also one of the driving forces behind the Advisory Council of Cities in the Global Local and Sub-national Action Alliance for Biodiversity, a body coordinated by the international network of cities ICLEI, which has an advisory role in the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Already since the World Conservation Conference in Bonn in 2008, cities and regions have joined forces with organizations of the United Nations, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature IUCN and the city network ICLEI in a global action alliance. In 2010, the signatory states to the Biodiversity Convention then adopted an action plan of cities and regions for the first time. It is expected that a new action plan, which will also incorporate the demands of the Edinburgh Declaration, will be adopted at the next Conference of the Parties.